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 YOU ARE HERE >>Historical Background
               Regional Profile


I. General information

          Palawan is an elongated island in the Philippine situated between the islands of Mindoro and Borneo. Its geographical location makes it seem remote from the rest of the country, and in fact, some of its southern islands are closer to Malaysia than to other provinces. It is approximately 240 km or a 55-minute air travel southwest of Manila and approximately one (1) hour air travel Northeast of Cebu.

          The Philippines last ecological frontier, Palawan harbors vast tract of tropical rainforests and a huge expanse of marine wilderness. Proclaimed as Fish and Wildlife Sanctuary and Habitat of 232 endemic species. The province is named as World Heritage Site for its highly diverse collection of fishes & other marine life by the UNESCO.

          Sprawled beneath the seas of Palawan are nearly 11,000 sq km of coral reefs, representing more than 35% of the Philippines coral reefs. Palawan is also noted for its growth forest, cathedral caves, white sand beaches, limestone cliffs and unique flora and fauna.

a. Climate

          Except for northern towns, which are occasionally visited by storms, Palawan is generally typhoon - free and is away from any major earthquake lines. The province experiences 2 types of climate - a distinct dry (during November to April) and wet seasons each for 6 months. In Puerto Princesa, the average annual extreme temperatures range from 23.40C- 31.30C with an average mean temperature of 27.40C. Average annual rainfall is 1,475mm.

 b. Land Resources

Total land area : 1,789,655 hectares
Alienable & Disposable : 447,776 has. (30% of the total land area)
Forested : 1,041,850 has. (70% of total land area)
Agricultural Area : 454,405 has. (31% of total land area)
(uncultivated = 45%; low productivity = 55%)

The most suitable areas of the province for both cultivation and settlement are the coastal plans of southeast, while the north and the west coasts have virtually no flat land except for narrow valleys. Many of the smaller islands consist of narrow coastal plains with mountainous interiors and often relatively little area for development.

c. Boundaries and Topography
         Tall mountain ranges run through the entire central length bisecting the province into two areas the east and the west coast. Mountainous & hilly throughout the entire length of the entire axis of the main island particularly on the north western coast. Narrow strips of coastal plains are found along the southeastern coast.
         Palawan has the largest forest cover in the country with 789,296 has. or 55.84% of the total land area of the province. Mangrove forest accounted to 51,346 has.

d. Slope and Soil

        The Palawan soils are classified into three major groups:

  •  Lowlands soil which are usually alluvial
  •  Upland soils
  •  Beach Sand
e. Land Area: 16,456 sq m.

f. Size and Distribution by province

          The province is subdivided into one chartered city, 23 municipalities and 432 barangays. Twelve (12) municipalities are located in the mainland and 11* are island municipalities.

          Provincial Capital                        - Puerto Princesa City

          First District (North)                        Second District (South)

          Linapacan*                                       Aborlan
          Agutaya*                                          Balabac*
          Araceli *                                           Bataraza
          Busuanga*                                        Brooke's Point
          Cagayancillo*                                    Narra
          Coron*                                              Quezon
          Culion*                                              Sofronio Española
          Cuyo*                                               Rizal
          Dumaran                                           Puerto Princesa City
          El Nido
          San Vicente

No. of barangays: 430

Political Subdivision

Governor :         Hon. Abraham Kahlil B. Mitra
Vice Governor : Hon. Clara E. Reyes
Congressmen :  Hon. Antonio C. Alvarez (1st District)
                          Hon. Victorino Dennis M. Socrates (2nd District)
      II.    Agricultural and Market Information
             a.Principal market Centers
             b.Trading Post
      III. Support Services:
                  a. Infrastructure

Palawan has become more accessible today than it was many years back. The main entry points are the Puerto Princesa City airport and seaport, but visitors may also fly directly to selected northern tourism destinations. .small commercial aircrafts from Manila and Puerto Princesa can ferry tourists, traders, businessmen to northern tourism destinations using Busuanga and El Nido airstrips. There are also direct flights from manila to Taytay landing in the Judge Cesar Lim Rodriguez airport. With the plans of national government to upgrade the capital city's airport to conform with international standards as well as the expansion and improvement of airstrips in major tourist towns like Coron, and El Nido, travel to Palawan will definitely become easier and faster.

         The concreting of the Puerto Princesa-Langongan-Roxas road in northern Palawan has tremendously shortened travel itme from the city proper to the northern City barangays and the Roxas municipality. The rehabilitation of the 60 km national road between Taytay and El Nido is being boost to the tourism industry as well as business and trade. Accessibility has also improved tremendously within the municipalities with the increased farm to market road network. The provincial government fast tracked the opening of 314.024 kms. Of frm to market roads linking about 90,000 hectares of farmlands to centers of trade and benefiting 21,000 farmers. Existing provincial road length is 1,428.193 kms. And there are 2,366.86 linear meters of provincial bridges.

b. Energization / Electrification
A provincial energy development program has been designed to meet the needs of the fast-growing economy. Based on projected population increases and the demand for agro-industrial use, Palawan's power requirements are expected to reach 100 megawatts in a few more years. To meet the demand, the Provincial Government has initiated expansion projects in several island and mainland towns together with the Palawan Electric Cooperative. Generator sets and solar-powered units were acquired for municipalities willing to operate their own electric systems.
Power Capacity



 Agutaya Power Plant

 .217 mw

 Araceli Power Plant

 .326 mw

 Balabac Power Plant

 .326 mw

 Busuanga Power Plant

1.620 mw

 Cagayancillo Power Plant

.217 mw

 Culion Power Plant

.423 mw

 Cuyo Power Plant

1.651 mw

 El Nido Power Plant

.423 mw

 Linapacan Power Plant

.108 mw

 Delta P (IPP)

16.000 mw

 Puerto Princesa Power Plant

9.000 mw

 Roxas Power Plant

1.543 mw

 San Vicente Power Plant

.586 mw

 San Vicente Power Plant

 .423 mw

 NPC Modular Power Plant (Irawan)

 18.500 mw
              Total  51.363 megawatts


Decalachao -Coron Electrification
Green Valley Village Electrification (PPC)
Brgy Port Barton - San Vicente Electrification
Coron Subsidy
Brooke's Point - Bataraza Electrification
Mambalot -Pulot Electrification
San Jose - Abaroan Roxas Electrification
Linapacan Subsidy
Rizal Electrification
Princess Urduja - Quezon Electrification
San Vicente - Alimanguan Electrification
Balabac Subsidy
Borac - Coron Electrification
Brgy. Calandagan - Araceli Electrification
Cuyo - Magsaysay Electrification
Araceli Subsidy
Iwahig - Luzviminda Electrification (PPC)
Brgy. Manamoc - Cuyo Electrification
Brgy. Salogon, Brooke's Point Electrification
Poblacion, Dumaran Electrification
Typoco Village Electrification (PPC)
Brgy. Liminangcong - Taytay Electrification
Cagayancillo Subsidy
Bisucay Island - Cuyo Electrification
Sitio Sicud, Brgy. Candawaga - Rizal Electrification
Brgy. Caramay Solar Bio-Mass, Roxas Palawan
New Ibajay Renewable Energy - El Nido
c. Water System

Type of Water Facility

 No. of Units

 Population Served
Level I (deepwell,handpump)

4,494 Individual connection
33,775 Total population
Level II (communal faucet)

17,956 rural population
826 Urban population
Level III (Household connection)

 7,917 RuralPopulation
48,191 Urban population
d. Communication
There are twenty three (23) municipalities with mobile phone services provided by SMART & Globe telecommunications, and Sun Cellular. There are landline services at Puerto Princesa City. National and International Direct Dialing Services provided by PILTEL, GLOBE, SMART and Bayan Tel in major growth centers
e. Transport

Air :        There are 15 airports and airstrips in the province three of which
               categorized as national, one as provincial, one as military and 10 as                private airports/airstrips.

               Only Puerto Princesa Airport can accommodate medium-range                international jet planes. The rest are classified as fader airports and                process sub-standard landing aides or 14 airports are classified as                feeder airport & could accommodate light to medium aircrafts.

               Three Commercial planes provide daily flights between Manila and                Puerto princesa City namely Philippine Airlines, air Philippines and                Cebu Pacific. Smaller airlines such as SEAir, Inter-Island Trans                Voyager and Asian Spirit provide chartered and commuter flights to                Cuyo, Coron, El Nido, Taytay and Culion from Manila or Puerto                Princesa City.

                  The following airlines serve passengers to and from Manila and various Palawan destinations:


Manila Puerto Princesa City Manila - Daily


Manila-Puerto Princesa City - Manila - Daily

Puerto Princesa-Cebu-Iloilo - Monday, Wednesday-Friday and Saturday

Cebu Pacific

Manila-Puerto Princesa City- Manila - Daily


Manila-Busuanga - Manila - Daily

Manila-Taytay-Manila - Daily

Manila-El Nido - Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday

Puerto Princesa City - Cuyo - Tuesday and Saturday

Puerto Princesa City - Cuyo - Tuesday and Saturday

Asian Spirit
Manila - Busuanga - Manila - Twice Daily

Inter-Island Trans Voyager
(Soriano Aviation)

Sempadan Aerospace

Kota Kinabalu - Puerto Princesa City - Kota Kinabalu


Tricycles and multi-cabs are the main modes of transport in Puerto princesa City. Several buses and shuttle vans provide regular trips to municpalities. Car Rental services are also available at the travel agencies.

Two major domestic shipping lines ferry passengers and cargo regularly from manila to Puerto Princesa City and vice-versa. Both also ply the Manila-Coron-Puerto Princesa City route and vice-versa. Sea travels takes approximately 24 hours, and passengers may choose from economy to luxury accommodations. Another cargo commercial vessel operates in the province, responding to the cargo requirements of business traders from Puerto Princesa City to Manila and vice versa. An inter-island vessel plies the Puerto Princesa City-Cuyo-Iloilo route twice a week while another vessel provides a once a week trip to Manila-Coron-Liminangcong and back and weekly trips from Manila to Cuyo and vice-versa.
 There are 39 functional ports in the province:

  •  Two (2) are classified as national
  •  One (1) as base port and
  •   Four (4) are terminal ports.

Only the ports of Puerto Princesa, Brooke's Point, Balabac, Coron and Cuyo are capable of berthing small inter-island vessels. The rest can only accommodate motor-powered bancas, launches and small fishing boats.

Puerto Princesa Port is classified as base port utilized for berthing passenger vessels, RORO/containerized and other general cargo vessels. Four (4) terminal ports utilized as embarking, disembarking, loading and unloading general cargoes. Ten (10) municipal, two (2) national and 11 other government ports can only accommodate small vessels. Eleven (11) private/commercial ports utilized for loading and unloading goods and commodities.

  •        Palawan is linked to Luzon by seas transportation plying the
           following routes:
  •        Manila -Puerto Princesa & vice-versa (1 boat passing throughCoron)
  •        Manila-Coron-Liminangcong & vice-versa
  •        Manila-Coron-Culion & vice-versa
  •        Puerto princesa City -cuyo-Iloilo and vice-versa
  •        Coron-Romblon-Aklan
  •        Linkage to Malaysia is being established
Major vessel plying the Manila (MNL) - Puerto Princesa City (PPC) - MNL and other routes are as follows:

                  WG and A Superferry

                              MNL- Coron-PPC - once a week, Friday
                              PPC-Coron-MNL -once a week, Sunday

                              Negros Navigation

                              MNL -Coro-PPC -Once a week, Thursday
                              PPC-Coron-MNL - Once a week, Saturday

                              M/V Milagrosa

                              Iloilo-Cuyo-PPC- Cuyo-Iloilo -Twice a week, Monday and Thursday

                               M/V Romblon Bay

                               MNL- Coron-Liminangcong-Coron- MNL - once a week
                               MNL-Cuyo-MNL - once a week

                               M/V Josille II

                               MNL - Coron - Liminangcong-Coron-MNL. Once a week, Thursday

                               San Nicolas Lines

                               MNL.- Coron-Culion-Coron-MNL- Twice a week, Wednesday and Saturday

f. Education

Enrollment in Public elementary schools is steadily increasing. From 146,114 in 2003, the number of students in the public elementary schools went up to 147,013 in the year 2004 while enrollees in public secondary schools reached 55,887.

Public schools in the province consist of

a. elementary schools - 626
b. secondary schools -127

Private schools:

a. elementary schools -26
b. secondary schools -19

Vocational schools -10



Palawan State University, Pto Princesa City Holy Trinity College, Pto. Princesa City
Western Philippines University, Aborlan, Palawan and Pto. Princesa City FullBright College, Pto Princesa Citya
Coron College of Fisheries, Coron, Palawan Polytechnic College Inc.
Puerto Princesa School of Arts and Trade Palawan Technological College, Inc. in Roxas, San Vicente & Pto Princesa City
Palawan College of Arts and Trade, Cuyo, Palawan Systems Technonology Institute (STI)
  AMA Computer Learning Center (ACLC), Pto Princesa City
  San Francisco Javier College, Narra, Palawan
  St Joseph Academy, Cuyo, Palawan
  St. Augustine Academy, Coron, Palawan
  Coron, Technical School, Coron, Palawan

e. Research Institutions:

Department of Agriculture - Palawan Experimental Station, Sta. Monica, Puerto
Princesa City; Sub station - Palawan Agricultural Center, Irawan Puerto Princesa City;

Department of Agriculture - Livestock Resource Center, Irawan, Puerto Princesa City

Department of Agriculture -Carabao Breeding Center, San Vicente, Palawan

Department of Agriculture - Dairy Pilot Demo Farm, Irawan, Puerto Princesa City

Department of Science and Technology, Puerto Princesa City

f. Banking/credit

The banking community in Palawan is steadily growing, an indication of increasing economic activity. Most banks are located in the City of Puerto Princesa while others are found in nearby municipalities

Universal Banks (Private)

  • Equitable PCI-Bank
  • Metro Bank
  • Bank of Philippine Islands
  • Philippine National Bank
  • Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
  • Allied Bank

Thrift Banks

  • Banco Filipino
  • Palawan Bank
  • First Consolidated Bank

Rural Bank

  • Rural Banks of Narra
  • United Coconut Planters Bank
  • Cooperative Bank of Palawan
  • Marikina Valley Rural Bank

Universal Bank

  • Land Bank of the Philippines
  • Development Bank of the Philippines

Commercial bank

  • Philippine Veterans Bank
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