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 YOU ARE HERE > >Historical Background
 
 
               Regional Profile

    Marinduque


I. General Information:

         Marinduque is touted as the heart of the Philippines which is attributed to its being at the center of the archipelago besides the island's heart shape. The colorful traditions and cultural identity distinct from any other island cultures in the Philippines made Marinduque unique.

Political Seat

         Governor                    -Carmensita O. Reyes
         Vice-Governor            - Hon. Romulo A. Bacorro

Natural/Physical Features

         a. Climate

       Type IV with rainfall which is, more or less evenly distributed throughout the year.No clear boundary between dry and wet seasons. Less rainfall from January to May. From June to November, averaged to more than 10 rainy days. Has an annual relative humidity of 83% and mean wind velocity of 2.4 m/sec. which is ideal for farming.

         b. Land Resources

        Marinduque is rich in mineral deposits like copper. Part of Boac had once been subjected to mining activities that almost destructed the nature and natural resources in the province.     

       The provincial land is considered classified and unclassified. The total agricultural which covers the SAFDZ areas (BSWM. 2000) is 37, 288 hectares The non-SAFDZ areas which includes agro-forestry zone (17,280 has.), watershed- forestry zone (37,267 has.), the built-up areas (2,268) and the remaining land that can be developed as agricultural land (1,822 has.)

          c. Boundaries and Topography

        Marinduque is an island province lying between the Bondoc Peninsula at the southeastern part of Luzon and the island of Mindoro. It is encircled by four bodies of water, Tayabas Bay on the north, Mompog Pass on the northeast, Tablas Strait and Sibuyan Sea on the south.

         It is mountainous covering approximately ½ of the total land area. Coastal plain isfound along  the seacoast of the municipalities of Boac, Gasan and Buenavista on the western side of the province with alluvial plains on the western part of Mogpog to Buenavista and eastern portion of Sta. Cruz.

          d. Soil Type

         Soil type ranges from sandy loam, clay loam, silt loam, loamy sand, silt loam, beach sand, Maranlig clay, Balanacan clay, Faraon clay, Bolinao clay, Balut loam, rough mountain lad, to hydrosol

          e. Land Area

                  The total land area is 95,920 hectares.

            f. Size and Distribution by province

                   No. of District:           Lone district

                   Capital: Boac

                   No. of Municipalities: Six (6) muncipalities

                            1.  Boac 4. Mogpog
                            2.  Buenavista 5. Sta. Cruz
                            3.  Gasan 6. Torrijos

                   No. of barangays:  216

II. Agricultural and market Information

                    A. Principal Market Centers

  Municipality

 Market Day

Boac

Thursday & Sunday

Buenavista

 Sunday

Gasan

 Tuesday & Sunday

Torrijos

 Wednesday

Mogpog

 Sunday

Sta. Cruz

 Saturday

 III. Support Services

         a. Infrastructure

         Roads are constructed using a combination of concrete, asphalt, gravel and earth. The province has 16 bridges along national highway.

          b. Communication

         The use of Internet, Telefax, cellular phones (powered by Globe, SMART, SunCel, TM) and two-way radios are popular not only in the households but also among students/schools and businesses with operations in the interior of the provinces; local telecommunication is being serviced by Digitel, Piltel and Butel. Mail handling/courier services are provided by BuTel, DHL, JRS and LBC aside from the post offices located in each municipality.

          c.  Transport

Air
          The existing airport was once a busy place for passengers coming from the Manila Domestic Airport. Flights were once served by the Philippine Airlines. Said airport, located in Gasan, is currently non-operational.

Sea
         The Port of Balanacan in Boac links Marinduque and the provinces of Batangas, Mindoro, Quezon, Romblon, Masbate, and even Metro Manila and other islands of the Visayas. Sta. Cruz Port in Sta. Cruz links Marinduque and the provinces of Batangas, Mindoro, Laguna, Quezon, and even Metro Manila.Shipping services: Viva Shipping lines and Aleson Shipping lines. Kawit Port in Boac also serves as entry/exit port for various cargoes and also passengers to Manila and neighboring provinces but is now under repair. Its operation will resume January of 2008.

                Daily Departure/Arrival of Vessels in Boac to Dalahican - Vice Versa

 Montenegro Shipping Lines

Balanacan

Dalahican

8AM

12AM

4PM

 2AM

 12PM

 4PM

Blue Waters Fastcraft

12PM

7:30PM

                Daily Departure/Arrival of Vessels in Sta. Cruz to Dalahican - Vice Versa

Land
         Land transport within the province is facilitated by public utility vehicles ( jeepneys, buses, minibuses). A number of buses (Jac Liner) and vans offer door-to-door direct transport and cargo services from the municipalities to Metro Manila. Some PUVs and tricycles serve passengers within short distance trips or just within the town proper.

 d. Educational/Research Institutions
 d.1. Primary and Secondary Levels
      SY 2006 - 2007 (DepEd)

 PUBLIC

 Elementary and Annexes include
 Secondary

 180

 44

 PRIVATE

 Pure Elementary
 Two-level

 Three-
level

 5

 9

 12
           d.2. Tertiary Level
                  ESTI, Boac
                  St. Mary's College of Marinduque, Boac
                  Marinduque Midwest College, Gasan
                  Sta. Cruz Institute, Sta. Cruz
                  Marinduque State College (Boac - Main Campus; Gasan; Sta. Cruz; Torrijos)
                  Malindig Institute, Incorporated Sta Cruz, Marinduque
           d.3. Research Institution
                  Provincial Office, Department of Science & Technology
                  Provincial Office, Department of Agriculture

            e. Banking/Credit Institution

         Banking institutions being operated within the province are the branch offices of Land Bank of the Philippines, Philippine National Bank, Allied Bank and CardBank. The existing rural bank is located in Sta. Cruz (main office) with branch office in Boac. Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) are available at LBP and PNB

Economy

         Commerce and industry in the province is in full swing as manifested by the growing number of business establishments, construction of high rise buildings, and availability of Automated Teller Machines (ATM).

         Based on the result of the 1999 Updating of List of Establishments (ULE), the number of establishments in the province has reached 2,890 as against to 1998 with a total of only 2,641, registering a positive growth of 9.4 percent. Large percentage of these businesses belongs to the wholesaling and retailing category and majority of which are single establishments meaning they do not have branches.

         To date, Marinduque has no existing shopping malls but there are some commercial buildings. Multinational companies are not present in the province hence the ratio of unemployment here is high since majority of the establishments here have one (1) to four (4) personnel only.


Agriculture

         Agriculture is the main economic activity of the province with coconut as the primary crop. Out of
53,587.5 hectares of cropland, 66.06% is planted to coconut. There has been a decrease in coconut
production in recent years brought about by the occurrence of the El-Niño phenomenon and the increasing number of unproductive old coconut trees.

         Of the total land area of 95,925 hectares, 58% or 53,587.05 hectares are devoted to crops. Agriculture remains the biggest sector-employer of the province providing 48.0% of employment.


CROP DISTRIBUTION by Municipality

/ 50% intercropped under coconut
2/ intercropped under coconut
3/planted after rice
Fishing

         Fishing is the second main source of income. Marinduque is surrounded by fishing areas providing people with principal or supplemental earnings.

         Based on 1998 figures, the local fishing industry netted about 8,161 metric tons, nearly 75% of which were shipped outside the province. The biggest share of the catch comes from Sta. Cruz, followed by Gasan, Torrijos,Boac, Mogpog and Buenavista.

         Marinduque's fishing fleet counts 14,577 fisherfolks with a total of 2,688 non-motorized bancas or 'parao',1,054 motorized bancas, and 74 commercial fishing boats. (1998)


FISHING AREAS by Municipality


        There are nine types of corals in Marinduque. They abound on the three islets of Gasan, (Tres Reyes island), Natangco island in Mogpog and on the island barangays of Mongpong, Maniwaya and Polo in Sta. Cruz.

        Corals also exist in 37% of the mainland's coastline, but only 4.8% of these are in good condition, 38.5% are in fair condition and 56.7% are in poor state.

FISHPOND & AREAS POTENTIAL FOR FISHPOND


MARINE RESERVE AREAS


FISHERY PRODUCTION by Municipality


              FISH SUFFICIENCY LEVEL per Municipality

INFRASTRUCTURE

SEAPORTS


        AIRPORTS


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