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Pole Sitao Production Guide
Name - Vigna
unguiculata (L.) Walp.cv.group Sesquipedalis
sitao is a climbing herbaceous crop raised basically for its
pods, although shoots & young leaves are also edible. Pods
are slender, 30-60 cm long & somewhat inflated with many
seeds whose color depends on the variety.
and Nutritional Value
succulent young pods, which have a high nutritional value, can
be sautéed alone or cooked along with other vegetables.
The nutritional composition per 100 g of the pod is shown below:
Vitamin A 167.0
Vitamin C 28.0
| CSL-19- is an early maturing variety,
which flowers 37 to 43 days after planting. Pods are light green,
crisp, smooth textured, & non-fibrous with good eating quality.
CSL-19 is moderately resistant to black bean aphids and bean
fly. Other light-green-podded varieties are CSL-14, CSL-15, CSL-16,
PS 3 & PS 1.
83-00 2- is
a variety with dark green leaves, which flowers 39-48 days after
planting. It is moderately resistant to bean fly and pod borer
& has a high level of resistance to fusarium wilt. Pods are
dark green with purple tips, crisp, non-fibrous, and with good
eating quality. Seed coat is very thick. Other dark-green-podded
varieties are Sandigan, CSD-4, 87-005, Acc 228, CSD-36 and 89-020.
and Soil Requirements
sitao is well adapted to the lowland tropics with a temperature
range of 20-35 oC. It grows best under full sunlight although
it can also tolerate partial shading.
Adequate supply of
water and a rich friable, fertile soil promotes healthy growth
and good quality pods.
or directly sow seeds in pots or drill 2.5 to 3.5 cm deep in
the plots with a distance of 30 cm. Construct trellis/stakes,
200-250 m. long to support the vines after the seedlings have
fully developed. Boxes, plastic twines, abaca twines or wire
will also help support the climbing habit of the crop.
| Apply organic waste to enhance
crop vigor and yield. Mulch the crop with grass clippings and
minimize pest occurrence and damage, plant marigold and holy
basil (solasi) in borders as insect repellant. Spread grated
coconut waste over the plant to invite ants, which feed on worms.
Spray hot pepper extract with soap against aphids and pod borers.
young pods six to seven weeks after planting or when seeds become
visible on the outline of the pod. Fresh pods left in the field
becomes tough and dissolved. Seeds become swollen, which reduces
yielding capacity. Harvest every 2-3 days.
marketing, 20-40 pods may be bundled. Store in a cool (8oC),
dry place up to four weeks.
and Return Analysis Per Hectare
VARIABLE COSTS P
Fertilization (4x)(10MD) 1,500
Planting (3 MD) 450
Irrigation (7x) 21MD 3,150
Vine training (3MD) 450
Weeding (10 MD) 1,500
Spraying (3x) (3MD)
Harvesting (10x) (30 MD) 4,500
Seeds (15 kg)
Chicken manure (350bags)
Complete (2 bags) 960
Ammonium phosphate (2bags) 1,070
Muriate of potash (2 bags)
Land Rental 5,000
5 pcs. Scythe (2yrs) 63
3 pcs. Shovel (3 yrs) 75
5 pcs. Hoe (3 yrs) 125
2 knapsack sprayers (5 yrs) 800
1 grass cutter (5yrs) 2,000
Interest on loans at 20% int p.a.
GROSS INCOME a
a With marketable yield of 9.4 t/ha at P10-20/kg.
Source: Pole Sitao
Info Bulletin No. 154/1999
Region IV -B