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(Abelmochus esculentus L. Moench) is also known as saluyot a
bunga ( Ilocano) and kaluyot (Ifugao). It is mainly grown for
its young immature fruits which are consumed raw, or cooked (fried,broiled,boiled,
or blanched). It is common ingredient in soup and sauces. The
fruit can be dried or picked. The leaves are sometimes use as
spinach and the seeds as a substitute for coffee.
is grown in 3,138 ha ( Bureau of agricultural and Statistics
2005) all over the country. The country is also growing okra
for export to Japan about 200 ha, mainly in Tarlac In 2006, the
estimated export value is US$ 7M at the average export price
of US$ 11-12/box of 4 kg net weight.
g edible portion,the fruits contain:
Water (g) 90.0
Protein (g) 2.0
Fiber (g) 1.0
Carbohydrates (g) 7.0
Calcuim (g) 70-90
Energy Value (kl) 145.0
J.S. and Peluek,K. (Editor). 1994. PROSEA
No. 8.Vegetables.Pudoc,Wageningen. 1993/Prosea, Bogor.
and Climate Requirements
can be grown from lo -to mid- elevation areas throughout the
year.However, production is best during long warm season in sandy
loam soil with pH 5.5-7.0.
and harrow the field twice. Make plots 0.75 m wide for two row
planting. Disyabnce between rows is 0.75 m. Apply 1 kg/m2
fully decomposed chicken manure. For clay soils, incorporate
rice hull and composed liberally.
Okra by direct seeding. About 3 kg seeds are required per hectare.
Soak the seeds in the warm water overnight to the hasten germination.
Air dry . Soe 2-3 seeds/hill, 1 cm deep with a distance of 20
cm between hills and 25 cm between rows. Maintain only 2 seedlings/hill.
Pull out excess seedling and repalnt missing hills.
1kg/m2 fully decomposed chicken manure during bed
preparation. At planting 19g/hill 14-14-14 as basal fertilization.
Thirty days after emergence, sidedress with 10 G/hill 46-0-0.
the plants regularly. Use furrow irrigation or depending on the
soil moisture and season.
and Desease Mangement
pest of okra are green leafhoppers,fruit and stem borer, jassid
and stink bug. To minimize pest incedent, avoid monocropping.
Plant different crops like corn and legumes arund the area. Grow
aromatic crops such as marigold, ginger,basil, lemon grass and,
alluim to repel insects. Grow folowering plants kike sunflower,
cosmos, and zinnia as border rows to attract beneficial insects.
Spray pesticide to recommended rates.
control desease such as Cercospora blight,powdery mildew, and
fruits rot, remove infected plants parts, spray with compost
tea and tea manure, prune excess leaves to improve air circulation,
and water in the morning. Intercrop with marigold to minimized
root damage due to nematodes.
preapre compost tea, mix one cup compost with ¼ cup molasses.Place
the mixture in used stockings and tie into a ball. Soak the compost
tea bag in 18.9 L water in a colored jar placed under the sun.
The mixture is ready for used as spray against blight and mildew
after soaking for 4 hrs and aginst root after soaking for 24
hrs. To prepare tea manure, soak ¾ suck dry cow/horse
manure in a palstic drum filled with 189.25 L water and ferment
for seven days.
pods are ready for harvest when these about 10-12 cm long or
while the pod is young,tender and snappy. Use sharp konife or
pruning shears during harvesting. The young pods should be gathered
Store pods at 10° and 90- 95% relative humidity to avoid
wilting. The pod s are then graded according to market standard
and packed in a plastic crates or in cardborad trays covered
with plastic film.
facilitate harvesting and control, prune all the leaves below
the lowest fruit at regular intervals. A well manage okra can
be harvested 40 - 45 times in one cropping season.
gather severely damage fruit. They can be include in a compost
pile or made into a ferrmented fruit juice. To prepare, mix chopped
fruits with equal amount of molasses or brown sugar. After one
week of fermentation, extract the juice. Apply as a opoliar fertilizer
at 1 tbsp/3.785 L water during the watering the flowering and
Cost and Return
Analysis Per Hectare
A. Labor ( @ P.220.00/MD;
Plowing (5MAD) 2,200.00
Harrowing ( 3MAD) 1,320.00
Furrowing (5MAD) 2,200.00
Manure application (6MD) 1,320.00
Fertilization; basal (2MD), sidedress
Planting (2MD) 440.00
Thinning (4MD) 880.00
Weeding (15MD) 3,300
Hilling-up (3MAD) 6,60.00
Irrigation (24MD) 5,280.00
Spraying (8MD) 1,760.00
Harvesting (40 MD) 8,800.00
Sorting/Packaging (40MD) 8,000.00
Miscellaneous activities 10,000.00
Seeds (3 kg/ha) 1,650.00
Animal manure (10t) 10,000.00
Fertilizer: 14-14-14 (7 bags) 6,650.00
(4 bags) 4,200.00
Subtotal ( A+B ) 87,540.00
C. Contingencies ( 15% ) 13,131.00
GRAND TOTAL 100,671.00
Gross Income 144,000.00
Net Income 43,329.00-79,329.00
marketable yield of 12-15t/ha at a farmgate price of P12.00/kg.
G. Maghirang University
Ms. Ma. Luisa D. Guevarra, University institute Associate
Ms. Gloria S. Rodulfo, Agricultural technician II
Crop Genitics and Plant Breeding
Crop Science Cluster - Institute
of Plant Breeding College of Agriculture
University of the Philippines Los
Baños College 4031, Laguna
Editorial Production Staff:
Dr. Joselyn E. Eusebio, Director, CRD - PCARRD
Dr. Ester L. Lopez, Assistant Director, CRD - PCARRD
Mr. Elmer E. Enicola, Cluster Chair for Vegetables, Legumes
PCARRD and University Research, Institute of Plant Breeding
Ms. Josefina L. Acedera-Atienza, Commodity Specialist,
Mr. Joel Eneristo A. Joven, Editor, ACD-PCARRD
Mr. Ervin M. Naval, Administrative Staff, CRD- PCARRD
Mr. Simeon R. Manahan, Jr., Layout Artist, ACD-PCARRD
For more information, Please contact:
The Executive Director
PCARRD, Los Baños
Tel. Nos. (049) 536-0014 to
Fax No. (049) 536-0016/536-7922
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org